Originally billed as the Soviet 2001: A Space Odyssey, Andrei Tarkovsky’s 1972 masterpiece Solaris is a subtly different beast to Kubrick’s balletic space picture – claustrophobic, meditative and deeply moving. Arguably the first science film to use the cosmos as a metaphor for psychological inner-space, Tarkovsky’s adaptation of Stanislaw Lem’s novel was remade in 2002 by Steven Soderbergh, but the influence of its depiction of trauma and loss is felt much more keenly in films like Lars von Triers’ Melancholia, Christopher Nolan sci-fi and even 1990s B-movie Sphere.

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